Moscow, population 21,000, nestled between Moscow mountains and the beautiful undulating hills of the Palouse in northern Idaho, is the classic western college town. Moscow is the country seat of Latah County along the Washington/Idaho border and is the home of the University of Idaho but only seven miles east of Washington State University. While the University of Idaho is the dominant employer in Moscow, the city also serves as an agricultural and commercial hub for the Palouse region.
After settlers arrived in 1871, the town became know as "Paradise Valley". In 1877, Samuel Neff filed for a postal permit under the name of Moscow because the area reminded him of his home town of Moscow, Pennsylvania.Ten city parks help invite some of the natural beauty of the surroundings into town, and recreation opportunities in the nearby countryside are plentiful including: Camping, mountain biking, rafting, hiking, snowmobiling, fishing and skiing abound, with some of the best big game and upland game hunting in the world located nearby.