A community in Fayette County, Oak Hill, WV, was incorporated in 1905 and takes its name from the location of the community's first post office, which stood under a spreading white oak tree at nearby Hill Top. The post office was moved after a short while to a site near its present location on Oak Hill's Main Street.
Oak Hill by the late 1960s had grown into one the 20 largest cities in West Virginia, though the community retains a small-town character and is largely composed of residential neighborhoods, many of which developed in the early 1900s around coal-mining operations. However, Oak Hill is primarily a service and commercial destination. The community is popularly divided into Oak Hill and "East-End Oak Hill," where East Main Street parallels the U.S. 19 expressway to the east. The east end of Oak Hill developed rapidly during the housing boom that occurred after the end of World War II.